MUSIC STYLES: THE BIRTH OF ROCK-N-ROLL
Naturally, all these years the “modern ballroom dance” did not stand still and went so far that representatives of various musical styles conduct fierce battles on a very funny topic – which of them is the notorious heir in a straight line?
Let us leave this insoluble question to the discretion of future generations, but for now let’s go back to the past to try to understand how and where rock and roll fell on our unhappy (happy?) Heads.
We will not go into too “subtle” subtleties and accept without evidence that there were five components …
leaving number one. Boogie-woogie arose in the 20s of our century as a result of an attempt to shift the parts of the banjo and guitar for the piano. Many black musicians were engaged in such experiments (especially in Chicago), and as a result, a beautiful and exciting style arose, spread throughout the world and terribly fashionable in European countries of the mid-40s.
After the surge in popularity, boogie-woogie temporarily left the foreground in order to return to us in a somewhat new exposition of musicians of a later period.
One of these musicians was called Fats Domino (born February 26, 1928 in New Orleans). It was he who took the elements of boogie-woogie and created a new trend, not too different from the previous one, but having its own name – New Orleans dance blues. The innovation was to their liking, and from 1953 to 1957, Fats Domino barely managed to put his fighters on the music market. Despite his solid weight, he was an energetic person, and his songs were still played for a long time by Buddy Holly, Pat Boone, Jerry Lee Lewis and Little Richard.
Rockers who like the music of the Straight Cats and the Moscow band Mr. Twister should know what rockabilly is. The birth of this musical direction dates back around 1954, and, in fact, rockabilly is nothing more than a funny synthesis of Negro rhythm and blues and folklore of the southern states, where, according to tradition, from the time of the Civil War (in America, of course ) White held the top. So, at the junction of black and white cultures, music arose, through which Elvis Presley took his first steps to immortality.
The future king of rock and roll took the first step to success with the recording of the action movie “Everything Is Alright, Mom.” His blues voice overlapped the music of the white settlers, and that was more than enough. But in this popularity, there was one very significant danger – with his figure Presley seemed to obscure the other components of rock and roll, and rockabilly began to personify him for many years to come.
It is clear that Presley was far from the only representative of this trend, but simply the most successful. His closest competitor was Buddy Holly (real name Charles Hardin Holly). Buddy pretty confidently went up, and for some time Presley’s throne hesitated, but Holly’s tragic death in a plane crash on February 3, 1959 prevented him from making a career that he deserved.
At the time of the emergence of the style of rock and roll in America, there were two of its varieties. One of them was represented by groups coming from the North of the USA, and their music (a solid mixture of rhythm and blues and country and western), which was a truly phenomenal success. Confirmation of this is the rise of Bill Haley and his “Comets”.
When Haley went to rock and roll, he was already quite an old man by fateful standards – he was a little short of thirty. Now this is not an age for a rock musician, but then everything was a little different.
Haley began by playing rhythm and blues numbers in his interpretation. So, for example, the song “Rock Around the Clock” that brought him worldwide fame is the hit of the black musician Joe Turner. And, apparently, this song was destined to go down in rock history as the first rock bestseller. In a record short time, the record with its record sold at a fantastic circulation of those times – 25 million copies. And now it would be a sensation.
Unfortunately, after such success, Haley’s affairs went worse and worse. Although his form of rock and roll was widespread in Europe, Haley quit musical activity. In the 70s, he attempted to return to the big stage, but it failed, and Haley finally disappeared from sight. On February 9, 1981, this rock and roll pioneer died, but remained in rock history as a person who worked with a constant group (it was he who gave rise to group performance), as a person who heavily used the name “rock and roll” in his songs “, And as a person who gave the world” Rock around the clock. ”
The second variety includes the so-called vocal rock and roll groups. In the mid-50s, they were successful, and the most famous groups include Orioles, Crowes or Korz. But this direction was not very durable and gradually came to naught …
RHYTHM AND END BLUES
Chicago became the center of rhythm and blues. It was here that the blues that came from the South were subjected to severe processing – it was “motorized”, became much tougher and more aggressive.