ABOUT MUSIC STYLES: DISCO
Dance – music course Disco – probably one of the most popular areas of music – culture of the past twentieth century. In the early 70’s, rock music was going through a rather difficult period, this was due to the loss of interest by the new younger generation to the fact that the sphere of rock culture was created.
The protests of folk rock, the depth and scale of art rock, the assertiveness of hard rock, the social sharpening of the funk and soul directions – all this gradually faded into the background.
The broad masses of listeners were tired of all this informativeness and problems that they tried to convey to them, and needed something light and simple and simple. And such an outlet is the appearance of disco.
Disco – short for French discotheque (disco). Literally, as a “place to save discs.” The ancestor of discos is considered a jukebox (automatic gramophone), which contained two or three dozen records that were played by choice. They had their own audience, had their own repertoire and even their famous performers. and 40s, these machines are installed throughout America and after the end of World War II, and in some Western European countries.
Thanks to this, the rapid development of recording equipment ensured the unimaginable take-off of the gramophone industry: long-playing records, portable players began to be produced, and music recordings began to enjoy great success. Special musical radio stations arose, the main task of which was promotion and advertising in the music market of fresh recordings and new stars.
The year of birth of this dance – music direction is considered to be the 1974th. And this significant event took place at the first discotheques in New York, where, in contrast to the clubs in which at that time music was played in live performance of groups, ensembles, and at worst, even by one pianist. And only if it was not possible to find one, they resorted to the use of gramophones, radiol, or the previously mentioned jukeboxes.
At the discos, everything was exactly the opposite, with the help of music recorded on vinyls, the disc jockey (DJ) acted as the unrivaled stewards of the disco ball. Having an extensive assortment of vinyl disks, a disc jockey, combining different compositions, each time made them an original mix, taking into account the composition, tastes, and even the mood of the public.
The most successful songs, getting to the radio stations, became hits, which in turn increased the sales of discs. Record companies and producers began to create and record special music for discos, and very quickly disco music went beyond the walls of discos, and gained universal fame and popularity. And a few years later, a real disco boom took possession of all of America.
MAIN FEATURES OF STYLE
The main difference between Disco is a rhythmic, uniform pace, emphasized by the kicks. The rhythm with a frequency of one hundred and twenty beats per minute (which is actually twice as high as a human pulse in a normal state) is recognized as a “classical” pace. A characteristic feature is a continuous bass line, and on the arrangements used solos of wind and string instruments. The structure of a composition often consists of several blocks (with a change in pattern, melody, tonality, bass, etc.), which does not allow long listening to the audience bored.
The disco craze as a steppe fire spread from America to Europe. And if the American style of disco performance incorporated the sound of the funk and soul tradition, then for Euro – disco it was characteristic:
– simple rhythmic pattern without American elements, pre-programmed on a rhythm – computer, and an elementary melodic line
– Rich, bright, juicy arrangements, decorated with electronic special effects.
One of the most prominent representatives of the European version of disco, which significantly influenced the origin, and formation is the ABBA group. The ABBA group was created in Stockholm in 1970 – it is the first non-American and non-English group to repeatedly achieve first positions in the charts of America and England. From 1974 to 1982, eight albums were recorded. The composition of the group included: Benny Anderson (keys, vocals, composer), Frida Lingstag (vocals), Agnetta Faltskog (vocals), Bjorn Ulveus (vocals, guitar, composer, Stis Anderson (group manager and lyricist).
In the 70s, it was the most successful pop group in all of Europe and beyond. The total circulation of the records is more than two hundred million. In its homeland, ABBA ranked second after the Stockholm Stock Exchange in terms of profitability, even outperforming the Volvo car concert.
And despite, but the fact that in 1984 the group broke up, their songs are still popular all over the world, especially in the post-Soviet space. Euro – disco – a direction that was common in the 80s and the USSR.