Masterpieces of classical music
The Tenth Symphony is one of the greatest and largest works of the 20th century. This is a very personal, autobiographical work by Shostakovich. It responds not only to crucial events in the biography of the composer himself, but also to events in Russian history. There is a version that it was with this symphony that Shostakovich responded to the death of Stalin.
Shostakovich did not write anything for eight years before this symphony. His last ninth symphony brought him persecution. Everyone expected that it would be an apotheosis work glorifying victory, but they heard something incomprehensible, unusual, ambiguous in it. The criticism of the critics knew no bounds. At a party meeting, Shostakovich’s music was found to be harmful to society. He was scolded and vilified at all meetings and eventually fired from the conservatory.
The disgraced composer went into himself, did not want to see anyone, and wrote music for the sake of earning, such as the existing system needed. And now – a new symphony that shocked many! December 17, 1953 in Leningrad, the premiere of the tenth symphony performed by the State Symphony Orchestra conducted by Mravinsky.
Masterpieces of classical music: symphony No. 6 P.I. Tchaikovsky
masterpieces of classical music
The Tchaikovsky Sixth Symphony can be called almost the most tragic work in Russian and world symphonic literature. This symphony is also called “Pathetic,” because it contrasts the themes of life and death. Many believe that Tchaikovsky, composing his last symphony, was already thinking about eternity. Behind the disturbing sounds of the first part, thoughts about the transience of being are heard. In this part of the symphony, the composer quotes the chant “With the saints repose”, emphasizing the despair of his condition.
What did Peter Ilyich himself think about his symphony? He categorically refused to disclose to anyone the meaning of this work. The ideas about his intentions are based either on the indirect evidence of his contemporaries, or on their own impressions of the listeners.
And impressions can be the opposite. The agony of a restless soul erupting in this symphony speaks of a mental crisis that may have gripped the composer. Now it is quite obvious. In this masterpiece of emotional longing, deep scenes of emotional torment, despair and hopelessness are expressed with incomparable talent and beauty.
But contemporaries who attended the premiere in October 1893 found no signs of shock in the symphony. Everyone liked the work, nothing special, extraordinary, the public did not notice in it. It is believed that this reaction was due to the fact that the orchestra conducted the last time in his life, Tchaikovsky himself, and his conducting talent was not as good as composer.
One way or another, but the symphony No. 6 of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, like other masterpieces of classical music, will forever remain the property of world culture. Listen to the finale of this symphony. What thoughts do you have when you listen to this work?
This sonata was dedicated to Prince Karl von Lichnovsky. It was written in 1798-1799 and was first published in December 1799.
The brilliant composer Beethoven was also an inimitable virtuoso pianist. Piano music was like an open notebook for him, where he described his life, his experiences and observations. Beethoven wrote his “Great Pathetic Sonata” (as the author himself entitled it) when he was 29 years old. At this time, he already began to notice the first signs of deafness. Hearing loss did not break the composer. He continued to compose great works that he himself had never heard. Maybe for this reason Beethoven’s music is so full of suffering and overcoming it.
The “pathetic” sonata was accepted by contemporaries as a bold work with a completely new direction, because before it there was not a single such deep piano composition. From the first chords, music attracts to itself, and it is no longer possible to tear yourself away from listening to it.